The number of UK solar farms jumps 12% in a year!
The number of solar farms in the UK increased 12% last year, from 2,250 in 2019/20 to 2,510 in 2020/21*.
This growth is coming from farmers who are increasingly using their land to erect solar farms. Converting this land to be used as solar farms offers a stable, long-return for landowners, in the face of volatile crop prices and the end of agricultural subsidies.
From 2021, the £1.6bn subsidies that farmers receive for owning or renting land will begin to be phased out, ending entirely by 2028. The UK Government has taken over most of the farming subsidies previously covered by the EU’s Common Agriculture Policy. It is estimated English farmers will lose at least 50% of their EU subsidies by 2024.
The Government is aiming to hit climate change goals outlined in the Paris Agreement and encourage more renewable energy projects. National planning policy supports the development of solar farms and even on green belt land, the wider environmental benefits associated with increased production of energy can qualify as very special circumstances. This has helped to contribute to the rise in new solar projects being opened.
Public opinion has also shifted in favour of more renewable energy projects as climate change moves up the news agenda. This is contributing to less opposition to renewable projects than in previous years.
"Solar projects are benefiting enormously from greater investment, relaxed planning rules and improving public opinion. There are also a great deal more potential sites for solar projects, with agricultural landowners becoming much more open to using land for solar generation instead of crops. That is only likely to increase in the coming years."
Solar farms also tend to be more acceptable to the public than wind farms due to being less noticeable and noisy. If the application has been properly prepared and the proposal is intended to be located in an area that is not overly sensitive there is usually a good chance of that project securing approval.
Another contributing factor to the growth of solar farms is the increasing amount of investment available for projects. Over 20 green energy funds now are listed on the London Stock Exchange, worth a total of more than $10bn. Over the last five years, the market capitalisation of these funds has increased over 200%.
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*Year end 31 March 2021, England and Wales only